E-ISSN 2090-0503 | ISSN 1687-7497
 

Original Research 


EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola.

Abstract
Biocontrol methods have become a common practice in horticulture and crop husbandry due to the attendant negative impact of fungicides and other chemical agents in the soil, vegetation and environment. Most fungicides accumulate in plant tissues and subsequently trigger toxic effects in animals. The efficacy of Moringa oleifera seed oil (2.5,5,10,15, and 20%) and leave extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Azadirachta indica (25,50,100,150, and 200 mg/ml) on tar leaf spot fungus Phyllachora bonariensis were studied invitro on culture media. All the botanicals showed activity and concentration-dependent growth inhibition against the tar spot fungus with percentage range from 69-100% at various concentrations. The tar spot pathogen was more sensitive to M. oleifera seed oil than leave extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Azadirachta indica. Also the botanicals reduced the growth of Phyllachora bonariensis at lower concentration range of 25-200 mg/ml more than the benlate (standard fungicide) at 1000 mg/100 ml. These botanicals can thus be recommended as potent bio- fungicides since they are environmentally friendly and have potential for control of Phyllachora bonariensis.

Key words: Azadirachta indica, Biocontrol, Moringa oleifera, Vernonia amygdalina, Pyllachora bonariensis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola. EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). 2016; 12(2): 223-228.


Web Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola. EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF. http://www.egyseb.net//?mno=244148 [Access: November 03, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola. EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). 2016; 12(2): 223-228.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola. EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.). (2016), [cited November 03, 2020]; 12(2): 223-228.



Harvard Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola (2016) EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF. Egypt. J. Exp. Biol. (Bot.), 12 (2), 223-228.



Turabian Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola. 2016. EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF. THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany), 12 (2), 223-228.



Chicago Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola. "EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF." THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany) 12 (2016), 223-228.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola. "EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF." THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany) 12.2 (2016), 223-228. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kanife U. Claris, Adekunle A. Adeyinka, Ebabhi A. Margaret, Adeogun O. Oluwasola (2016) EFFECT OF THREE BOTANICALS ON PHYLLACHORA BONARIENSIS CAUSING TAR LEAF SPOT DISEASE IN PANICUM MAXIMUM LEAF. THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany), 12 (2), 223-228.